Photography by: Jessamine Bartley-Matthews
The Research Consortium on Drugs and the Law (Colectivo de Estudios Drogas y Derecho, CEDD) brings together researchers from eleven Latin American countries with the goal of analyzing the impact of criminal law and legal practice surrounding illicit drugs.
Raúl Alejandro Corda
Raúl Alejandro Corda received a law degree from de University of Buenos Aires (UBA) in 1998. He is now a professor and researcher at the UBA. Since 1993, he has worked in the national judiciary, and has been a court secretary in the Federal Criminal Jurisdiction since 2001. Corda is a member of Intercambios Asociación Civil, an NGO that works on drug policy issues. He has wrotte different articles about drug policy. He also has worked for the program “Legislation on Drugs in the Americas” from the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) of the Organization of the Americas State (OAS).
• Systems Overload: Drug Laws and Prisons in Latin America. Chapter Argentina
• Reformas a las leyes de drogas. Leyes de drogas y cárceles en América Latina.
• Sistemas desproporcionados: Desproporción y costos económicos, institucionales y
humanos sobre estupefacientes en Argentina.
• The human cost of the drug policies in Argentina.
• Personas que usan estupefacientes en Argentina. Una matriz “prohibicionista-abstencionista”.
Gloria Rose Marie de Achá
Gloria Rose Marie de Achá is a Bolivian lawyer. She is a member of both the Permanent Assembly for Human Rights and the advocacy organisation Acción Andina. She has been working for over 15 years on drug policy, public security policy, human rights and the rights of children and adolescents. She has also worked in prisons and with groups of children who live and work in the streets. She has published many articles, reports and briefings. She was responsible for the Coca, Drugs and Development section of the Centre for Documentation and Information in Bolivia. She worked as a researcher at the Citizens' Ombudsman office and as a legal advisor to the Deputy Minister of Children and Youth. Currently she coordinates a Latin American program on Juvenile Justice for Defence for Children International (DCI).
• Systems Overload: Drug Laws and Prisons in Latin America. Chapter Bolivia
• Reformas a las leyes de drogas. Leyes de drogas y cárceles en América Latina. Documento de Trabajo Bolivia.
• Desproporcionalidad en el sistema penal antidrogas boliviano.
• The human cost of the drug policies in Bolivia.
• Consumo y consumidores de drogas en Bolivia.
Luciana Boiteux de Figueiredo
Luciana Boiteux de Figueiredo received her Law Degree and Master’s Degree from the State University of Rio de Janeiro. She holds a Doctorate in Criminal Law from the University of São Paulo, and since 2007 is an Associate Professor in Criminal Law at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where she coordinates a Research Group on Drug Policy and Human Rights at the Human Rights Laboratory. Her research interests include drug policy and international human rights treaties, with a focus on the relation between drug laws, penitentiary systems, and sentencing in criminal cases involving illicit drugs. She is also a member of many advisory boards of NGO's and professional societies in Brazil.
Rodrigo Uprimny Yepes
Rodrigo Uprimny Yepes is a Colombian lawyer who holds a Ph. D. in Political Economy from the University of Amiens Picardie, a DSU (Master’s Degree) in Sociology of Law from the University of Paris II, and a DEA (Master’s Degree) in Social Economy of Development from the University of Paris I (IEDES). He is currently the director of the Center for the Study of Law, Justice, and Society (Dejusticia), and a professor of constitutional law, human rights, and theory of the state at the National University of Colombia. He was an auxiliary magistrate of the Constitutional Court. He has written many articles on human rights, constitutional law, drug trafficking, and drug policy.
Social Anthropologist from University of Costa Rica (UCR), Master’s degree on Criminology with emphasis on Human Security form University for international Cooperation (UCI) and Master’s degree on Mental Health from University Miguel Hernandez (UHM). At the moment he is the Executive Director of the Costa Rican Association on Drug Studies and Interventions (ACEID), professor at the Interdisciplinary Masters on Drug Dependence from the Pharmacy Faculty at the University of Costa Rica (UCR). Representative from the International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC) and for the Latin American Network of People who Use Drugs (LANPUD).
Jorge Vicente Paladines
Bachelor's in Law (Summa Cum Laude) from the University of Guayaquil; Master in Constitutional Law - Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar (UASB); MA in Political Science - Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO - Ecuador). Faculty member at Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar UASB and the Instituto de Altos Estudios Nacionales (IAEN). Professor of Criminal Systems, Social Control and Human Rights, political philosophy, Theory of Democracy, Constitutional Law, Public Safety, Criminal and Constitutional Law, Criminal Procedure, Criminal Enforcement, Criminology and Criminal Policy.
He has published dozens of articles and is author of : "Constitutional Criminal Law: Some Reflections on the criminal matter" (2010) and "The (in) security of Punitive Power: 7 critical citizens" (2011, forthcoming). He served as Assistant Secretary of Policy Development at the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights (2010), where he worked in the construction of several pieces of legislation, including the Judicial Function Code, the Organic Law of Jurisdictional Guarantees and Constitutional Control, the Cooperation and Coordination Law between the ordinary justice system and the Indigenous Justice system, amongst others. He is currently Advisor to the Commission of Justice and Structure of the State at the National Assembly of the Republic of Ecuador.
• Systems Overload: Drug Laws and Prisons in Latin America. Chapter Ecuador
• Drug Law Reform. Drug Laws and Prisons in Latin America. Working document Ecuador
• La desproporcionalidad de la ley y la justicia antidrogas en Ecuador.
• Entre el control social y los derechos humanos: Los retos de la política y la legislación de drogas.
• El costo humano de la política de drogas en Ecuador.
• La respuesta sanitaria frente al uso ilícito de drogas en Ecuador.
Catalina Pérez Correa
Catalina Pérez Correa recieved her Law Degree from the Instituto Teconológico Autónomo de México (ITAM), her master’s degree (JSM) from the Stanford Programme in International Legal Studies (SPILS) at the Stanford University Law School in California and her doctorate (JSD) also from the Stanford University Law School. During her doctorate she studied mexican criminal procedure from an empirical and interdisciplinary perspective, focusing primarily on the study of criminal prosecution and investigation practices in Mexico City.
She currently works at the Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas, CIDE. Her research focuses on the study of legal procedures and practices from a sociological and anthropological perspectives, specializing in the functioning of the criminal justice system; the justifications for and enforcement of criminal punishment (namely prisons) and the relation of criminal punishment with legitimacy and compliance.
Ricardo Soberón Garrido
Ricardo Soberón Garrido is a Peruvian lawyer. He is one of the founders and the former director of the Drugs and Human Rights Research Center (Centro de Investigación “Drogas y Derechos Humanos”) in Lima. He holds a Masters in International Relations from the Peace Studies Department of the University of Bradford in England. He is a university professor, and an analyst and consultant on drug policy and drug control issues in the Andean region, as well as on border and security issues. He is also an advisor to rural coca-producer organizations. Soberón is the author of numerous books and articles about drugs, justice, and border issues. On August 5, 2011, he was appointed to head the national drug control commission, Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo y Vida sin Drogas (Devida). In January 2012, while questioning ineffective all-out coca crop eradication efforts that put him at odds with the Cabinet chief and prompted concern by the U.S. Embassy, he was replaced after a government reshuffle.
• Sistemas Sobrecargados: Leyes de drogas y cárceles en América Latina capítulo Perú.
• Reformas a las leyes de drogas. Leyes de drogas y cárceles en América Latina. Documento de Trabajo Perú.
• El principio de proporcionalidad en los procesos por Tráfico Ilícito de Drogas en el Perú.
• Los usuarios de drogas en el Perú. Políticas, derechos y problemas.
Gianella Bardazano is an Associate Professor G.4 in Philosophy of Law and General Theory of Law at the Law Faculty of the University of the Republic (Uruguay). Lawyer. Studying her masters in Contemporary Philosophy. Doctor of law. Member of the Institute for Legal and Social Studies of Uruguay (IELSUR).
• Systems Overload: Drug Laws and Prisons in Latin America. Chapter Uruguay
• Reformas a las leyes de drogas. Leyes de drogas y cárceles en América Latina.
• The human cost of the drug policies in Uruguay.
• Respuestas estatales a los usuarios de sustancias psicoactivas en Uruguay:entre la alternativa y la profundización de la guerra contra las drogas.
Diego Piñol Arriagada
Sociólogo de la Universidad de Chile, Doctorante en Psicología en la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso. Ha cursado estudios de Magíster en Antropología, diplomados de prevención del delito y la violencia a nivel local, con jóvenes y en infancia. Desde el año 2005 se ha desempeña como investigador del CESC, participando en diversos estudios y evaluaciones de políticas públicas en las áreas de prevención del delito y la violencia, prevención y tratamiento del consumo problemático de drogas y alcohol, sistema penitenciario, sistema de justicia criminal, entre otros temas.
Politóloga de la Universidad de los Andes de Colombia (2008), y Magister en Estudios de Desarrollo, con énfasis en conflicto y construcción de paz del Instituto de Altos Estudios Internacionales y de Desarrollo de Suiza - IHEID (2015). Ha trabajado como profesional de proyectos de cooperación internacional para el desarrollo en zonas de conflicto en Colombia, y como asesora para el gobierno nacional en negociación multilateral en temas de desarrollo sostenible. Actualmente se desempeña como investigadora principal en el área de Política de Drogas, con especial énfasis en acceso a medicamentos controlados y cuidados paliativos, e implicaciones del proceso de paz en las políticas de drogas en Colombia.
Luis Felipe Cruz
Graduate lawyer and sociology student at the National University of Colombia. He has been associated to different investigation themes, like human rights, criminal procedure law and property access rights for afro Colombian and indigenous communities. His research interests include the history and evolution of the armed conflict and its relation to drug trafficking. Nowadays, he works at Dejusticia as reseacher assistant on drug policy issues.
João Pedro Padua
João Pedro Chaves Valladares Pádua is a criminal lawyer with a master’s degree in Constitutional Law and State Theory from the PUC University in Rio de Janeiro. He is currently a PhD candidate in Language Studies at the same university and a professor of Penal Procedure law at the Federal University of Niteroi (UFF), in the Rio de Janeiro State. He is also the Executive Director of Legal Affairs of the NGO Psicotropicus-Brazilian Center for Drug Policy and a member of “CEDD – Colectivo de Estudios Drogas y Democracia.
• Systems Overload: Drug Laws and Prisons in Latin America. Chapter Brazil.
• Drug Law Reform. Drogas e Cárcere: a repressão às drogas e o aumento da população penitenciária brasileir. Working document Brazil.
• The human cost of the drug policies in Brazil.
• Respuestas estatales al consumidor de drogas ilícitas en Brasil: Un análisis crítico de las políticas públicas (penales y civiles para los consumidores).
Jorge Parra Norato
Jorge Alberto Parra Norato is a lawyer with concentration in constitutional law from the National University of Colombia and a student of the master in political studies from the same institution. He currently works with the Colombia’s Ombudsman’s office and is a professor at the University of el Rosario. He was an assistant researcher in the drug policy área at the Center for the Study of Law, Justice, and Society (Dejusticia), and has written articles about the impact of drugs prohibition on human rights in Colombia and Latin America.
Kristel Mucino is the communications coordinator for the TNI/WOLA Drug Law Reform Project. Previously, she served as a PR consultant for human rights organizations and advertising agencies. Ms. Mucino was a reporter for a national Hispanic TV network, V-Me, for which she covered the 2008 UN General Assembly and the 2008 U.S. presidential election. She has done freelancing for BBC-Mundo, and published opinion pieces in Mexican newspapers Reforma and El Universal. More recently, Ms. Mucino coordinated the press strategy around a forced disappearance case that reached the Inter-American Court on Human Rights. The Court’s historic ruling was the first against the Mexican military for a human rights violation during that country’s Dirty War. She also contributed to a New York City Commission on Human Rights’ film project profiling civil rights movement leaders. In 2007, Ms. Mucino coordinated the first high-profile gala in Mexico City to raise awareness about human rights and raise funds for artist Peter Gabriel's NGO, WITNESS. Ms. Mucino graduated from Boston University College of Communications and Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, where she received the Maria Moors Cabot scholarship.
Publications United States
• Bolivian Drug Control Efforts: Genuine Progress, Dawting Challenges.
• Development first: A More Humane and Promising Approach to Reducing Cultivation of Crops For Illicit Markets.
• The Obama Administration’s drug control policy on auto-pilot.
Ariana Ángeles García
Degree in Economics from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and Master in International History at the Center for Economic Research and Teaching (CIDE). He Has Been Involved in research related Single Command, public perception of violence and conflict resolution. She was a contributor to the Diploma in Police Command Given by the CIDE and Federal Police. Currently she is Coordinator Institutional and Collective research assistant Drug Studies and Law. Her main research topics are internal displacement by violence, drug trafficking, organized crime and social reintegration.
Trabajadora Social y doctoranda en Ciencias Sociales por la UBA. Es docente en la materia Trabajo de Investigación/Sistematización Final de la Carrera de Trabajo Social de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la UBA. Es investigadora de la Asociación Civil Intercambios, desde 2006. Es autora de artículos y capítulos de libros en publicaciones nacionales e internacionales.
Social Worker and Specialist in Youth´s Social Problems graduated in the University of Buenos Aires. She is researcher and professor of the Career of Social Work of the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires. She teaches courses for the undergraduate students on Epidemiology issues and Research Methodology. Specializing in the study of drug related problems, she directs research projects involving professionals from different disciplines of the social sciences. She has participated in and directed multiple investigations related to blood and sexual transmitted infections in people who use drugs in collaboration with Medicine and Biochemistry researchers.
She is a member of the Steering Group and coordinates the area of research of Intercambios Civil Association for the study and care of drug-related problems.
She was a member of the United Nations Reference Group on HIV and injecting drug use. She is currently a member of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Drug Policy.
She is the author of numerous articles, book chapters and books in national and international publications.
Luciana Peluzio Chernicharo
Member of the research group ‘Drug Policy and Human Rights’ at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, National Law School. Researcher at the Institute of Religious Studies (ISER) in Human Rights’area. Has a Master Degree in ‘Human Rights, Society and Art’ by the National Law School of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) and graduated in Law from the same institution. Member of Collective Women in Prison. Conducts research in the area of Drug Policy, Criminology and Penitentiary System, focusing on the issue of Criminal Selectivity and Gender and Women arrested for Drug Trafficking.
Carolina Bernal Uribe is a lawyer and holds a Specialization degree in Economics. Her professional experience is as researcher and public policy analyst on crime. For more than five years she worked as researcher in the areas of judicial system, drugs, and social, economic and cultural rights of the Center for the Study of Law, Justice and Society (Dejusticia), where she authored or co-authored six books and several policy papers on the Colombian judicial system.
Carolina has also worked as consultant for national and international organizations such as the National Center for Historical Memory and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. In addition, she has been a visiting researcher at the Human Rights Research and Education Centre of the University of Ottawa (Canada). Currently, Carolina holds a position as Advisor on Public Policy in the Colombian Prosecutor’s Office, where she leads the design and implementation of a randomized controlled trial to improve the investigation of murders.
She has a J. William Fulbright Scholarship to pursue a master’s degree in Public Policy in the University of Chicago.
Diana Esther Guzmán Rodríguez is a lawyer, specialist in constitutional law, and magister in law for the Colombian National University. She currently works as a researcher at the Center for the Study of Law, Justice, and Society (DeJusticia), and is a professor at the Colombian National University. Her areas of research include gender issues, judicial system and drug policies.
She received her Law Degree from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). She currently works as the Institutional Development Coordinator of the Drug Policy Program at the Center for Economic Research and Teaching (CIDE), where she also works as a research assistant. Her research mainly focuses on the criminal justice system, prisions and drug policy.
Jérôme Mangelinckx is the coordinator of the Area of Legal Policies and Citizen Security of the Research Centre on Drugs and Human Rights (CIDDH). He received a Bachelor of Multidisciplinary Translation (Brussels), pursued post graduate studies in Philology (Prague), and is a specialist in intercultural communication. He has taught in several universities in Peru and has worked for several international agencies and NGOs focusing on drug policies, illicit drug trafficking, criminal law, empowerment of women and women's rights, among others.
Economist, philosopher and Master in Law at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. He has worked as a professor of labor economics, consultant at the Colombian Center of Historical Memory, the National Union School and the Ombudsman´s Office. Sergio has also worked as a political adviser in the Bogota Council and Congress. His research experience has focused on issues of decent work, transitional justice, rural development and construction of indicators with human rights approach. In Dejusticia he works as a principal researcher on drug policy, social rights and quantitative support to other areas.
• Systems Overload: Drug Laws and Prisons in Latin America. Chapter Colombia.
• Reformas a las leyes de drogas. Leyes de drogas y cárceles en América Latina. Documentode Trabajo Colombia.
• Addicted to punishment: The disproportionality of drug laws in Latin America.
• Drug Courts: Scope and challenges of an alternative to incarceration.
• The human cost of the drug policies in Colombia.
• Penas alucinantes. La desproporción de la penalización de drogas en Colombia.
• Políticas de drogas frente al consumo en Colombia: análisis desde una perspectiva de derechos humanos.
Coletta Youngers is a leading expert on international drug control policy and drug policy related developments in Latin America. She has over twenty years experience working for the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA) on human rights and political developments in the Andean Region and U.S. foreign policy toward the Andes. Presently, Ms. Youngers is a Senior Fellow and consultant with WOLA's drug policy reform project and is also an independent consultant and Representative for the International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC). She is co-editor of Drugs and Democracy in Latin America: The Impact of U.S. Policy (2004). Prior to joining WOLA in 1987, Ms. Youngers was a project manager at Catholic Relief Services and on the editorial staff of Latinamerica Press/Noticias Aliadas, both in Lima, Peru.
Pien Metaal is a researcher and the coordinator of the Latin America drug law reform project with TNI. She holds a Master of Arts Degree in Political Science and International Relations from the University of Amsterdam. She has been a member of the Transnational Institute's Drugs and Democracy team since 2002, though her participation with the Programme dates further back.
She lived in Latin America for several years, spending most of that time in the Andean region. During those years, she dedicated most of her time and energy to research, development and implementation of drug policy. Her area of expertise are issues related to drugs and development, coca and cocaine, and drugs and conflict. She has a long-standing experience in working with local and international experts, policy makers and NGOs. She has written numerous articles, and contributed to various books and publications on the drug policy in Latin America since 1996.